Jude Part IV
Jude Part III
Jude Part II
1 John 5:7-15
Verses 7 and 8 are known as the Johannine Comma, which is clear evidence the Word has been MANipulated in the course of scriptural history. These verses are in direct reference to the Trinity, but do not appear in any Greek manuscripts before the tenth century A.D.
Just as the Word was made flesh, we have today been gifted with the Word made ... paper. Spiritually perfect but physically marred. Imperfections in the Word are minimal. Like Jesus' physical body, the Word made paper remains sufficient and able to represent to us all that God wants us to know.
Jude: son of Joseph, brother of James, and half-brother of Jesus. Jude, which is rendered "Judah" in Hebrew and "Judas" in Greek. No date or location is suggested in this letter. It is speculated that it was perhaps written about A.D. 65. It is one of the few books in the New Testament addressed to all believers everywhere and at any time, as most of the other books are addressed specifically to a certain audience in that day. Some think Jude was writing to the same audience for whom 2 Peter was intended, because of the heresy addressed by both letters. But there is no evidence for this.
It seems that the "faith" was being attacked and jude wrote to address the attacks, and the attackers, themselves. These men had crept in and while they professed to hold the Christian doctrine, were really undermining its faith and spreading corruption throughout the church. The purpose, therefore, of the epistle was to put the believers on guard against the corrupt teachings of these men, and to encourage them to stand up for the principles of Christian truth. Jude contrasts their spirit with the archangel Michael and declares that Enoch referred or prophesied of these types.
The responsibility of the believers was to study the Word, preach the Word, and fight for its preservation.
2 John 1
There were some serious doubts about who authorized these 2nd and 3rd epistles. Each were written to a single individual and not for general circulation at that time, thus they were not frequently referred to in the early church by others. Because of their brevity the external and internal proofs are less full and clear than in other books. Then we have the fact that the writer did not affix his name to these letters. However, they really sound Johnish. The fact that the writer did not identify himself is very typical of John to by-pass self-identification. Of the time and place these epistles were written nothing is known.
2 John purports to be addressed to "the elect lady." There has been great diversity of opinion in regards to the person here referred to, and there are questions respecting it, which makes it impossible to determine with absolute certainty. It seems the letter was addressed to an individual, and not a church. If it had been to a particular church it would have been specified, for this is the uniform mode in the New Testament.
Though brief, and though addressed to individuals, 2nd and 3rd John are admitted to the canon of Scripture with the same propriety as the espistles of Timothy, Titus, and Philemon, for those were addressed also to individuals. Like those epistles, these contain things of general interest to the church.